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Lesson 9: The Imperial Palace

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1 Lesson 9: The Imperial Palace on Sat Jul 12, 2014 8:45 pm


Built in the early fifteenth century(1406~1420 A.D.), it is also called the Palace Museum or the old Palace.


Used as the imperial palace by both the Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368~1911 A.D.), the Imperial Palace is the largest and most complete group of ancient buildings standing in China.


Covering an area of 175 acres (72 ha.), the Palace is enclosed by walls over 35ft.(10.4m) high and surrounded by a moat 57 yd。(52m)wide.


The Palace Museum, with four gates, has its main entrance to the south, known as the Meridian Gate.



On the north shore of the lake are the Five Dragon Pavilions, built in 1602, where the emperor enjoyed fishing and watched fireworks.


The Temple of Heaven, built in 1420 and covering an area of 237 hectares, was the place where the emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties worshipped heaven and prayed for good harvest.


Bei Hai (North Lake) park covering an area of 68.2 hectares, was the imperial garden in the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.


The Prime Minister and his group of aids toured the Forbidden City, where the Chinese emperors once lived in lofty splendor.


Four watchtowers are placed, one at each corner.


Throughout you will find typical masterpieces of ancient Chinese architecture.


Endowed with rich human and natural resources, countries in this region have formulated their development strategies in light of their actual conditions...


Unswervingly pursuing an independent reign policy of peace, China takes peace as the ultimate goal of its foreign policy.


We introduced reform and the open policy first in the economic sphere, beginning with the countryside.


They have played a positive role in international and regional affairs and constantly advance their own economic development and social progress, thus making important contributions to peace, stability and development in Asia and the world at large.


Joined together by mountains and rivers or facing each other across the sea, China and ASEAN countries have developed a profound traditional friendship among the people in the course of their age-old contacts and exchanges.


Somehow our path took us toward the park.


On either side of this courtyard are many gardens and halls.

原文:An acquaintance of history is helpful to the study of current affairs.




the Hall of Preserving Harmony 保和殿

the Palace Museum 故宫博物院

the Ancestral Temple 太庙

in the early fifteenth century / early in the fifteenth century 15世纪初

the Sun Yat-sen Park 中山公园

historical sites 历史遗址

the cobbled roadway 鹅卵石路

offshore oil exploration 近海石油勘探

金水桥 the Golden Water Bridge

护城河 moat

九龙壁 the Nine-Dragon Screen

琼岛 Qiong Island

文物 the cultural relics

京杭大运河 Beijing-Hang Zhou Grand Canal

北海公园BeiHai Park

御花园the imperial garden

午门 the Meridian Gate

外朝 the Outer Palace

内廷 the Inner Court

太和门 the Gate of Supreme Harmony

中和殿 the Hall of Complete Harmony

铁影壁 Iron Screen

白塔 the White Dagoba

琉璃瓦 glazed tiles

天坛 the Temple of Heaven

香山 the Fragrant Hills.

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