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CN English-American literature test paper (July, 2010) Ⅲ

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Ⅲ. Questions and Answers (24 points in all, 6 for each)
Give a brief answer to each of the following questions in English. Write your answers in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.

45. What are the features of George Bernard Shaw’s characterization in his plays?

A. He makes the trick of showing up one character vividly at the expense of another.
B. Shaw’s characters are the representatives of ideas, point of view, that shift and alter during the play.

46. Thomas Hardy is often regarded as a transitional writer. Some critics believe that he is emotionally traditional and intellectually advanced. How do you understand this idea?

A. In Hardy’s novel, there is an apparent nostalgic touch in his description of the simple and beautiful though primitive rural life, which was gradually declining and disappearing in England at the time. He is always sympathetic with those traditional characters and mourns over their failure and misfortune.
B. On the other hand, he was greatly influenced by Darwin’s theory of “survival of the fittest”, and other modern philosophical thoughts, which led to the pessimistic determinism or naturalism in fiction.

47. What is the most famous theme in Henry James’s fiction? And what is his favorite approach in characterization, which makes him different from Mark Twain and W. D. Howells as realists? Give two titles of his works of his first period in which this theme and this approach are employed.

A. International theme.
B. James’ realism is characterized by his psychological approach to his subject matter.
C. The American, Daisy Miller, The Europeans, The portrait of a lady

48. “Young Goodman Brown” is one of Hawthorne’s most profound tales.
What is the allegorical meaning of Brown, the protagonist?
What does Hawthorne set out to prove in this tale?
How does Melville comment on Hawthorne’s manner of concerning with guilt and evil?

A. Allegorically, the protagonist becomes an Everyman named Brown, a “young” man, who will be aged in one night by an adventure that makes everyone in this world a fallen idol.
B. He sets out to prove that everyone possesses some evil secret.
C. Melville calls it the “power of blackness”

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